The Book of Why: The new science of cause and effect

Causal reasoning is at the core of everything we see, do, and imagine. Causal inference is the foundation of scientific thinking and reasoning. Every explicit decision we make is the realization of causal thinking.

Program theory is for the DAGs! (Part 2)

In Part 1 we introduced directed acyclic graphs (DAGs) [1] as a better way to represent program theory [2]. A DAG is a Bayesian network where each directed arrow represents a causal link, not merely a probabilistic dependency [3].